Europhys. Lett.
Volume 73, Number 6, March 2006
Page(s) 826 - 832
Section General
Published online 10 February 2006
Europhys. Lett., 73 (6), pp. 826-832 (2006)
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2005-10483-5

Origin of slow relaxation in liquid-water dynamics: A possible scenario for the presence of bottleneck in phase space

A. Shudo1, K. Ichiki1 and S. Saito2

1  Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University - Minami-Ohsawa Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan
2  Department of Computational Molecular Science, Institute for Molecular Science Myodaiji, Okazaki, Aichi, 444-8585, Japan

received 19 September 2005; accepted in final form 26 January 2006
published online 10 February 2006

We study slow relaxation in dynamics of liquid water at room temperatures and propose a consistent interpretation explaining why liquid-water dynamics exhibits power law relaxation behavior and can form the bottleneck in phase space even though it is a many-dimensional and strongly chaotic system. Our idea is inspired by recent developments of perturbation theories of Hamiltonian systems, and is reminiscent of the so-called Boltzmann-Jeans conjecture. Within this scenario, it is natural to expect that slow relaxation is not limited to liquid-water dynamics. We found that our hypothesis works well in predicting the relaxation properties of other molecules. The relation to the potential landscape picture is also discussed.

05.45.Jn - High-dimensional chaos.
05.45.Pq - Numerical simulations of chaotic systems.
61.20.Lc - Time-dependent properties; relaxation.

© EDP Sciences 2006