Europhys. Lett.
Volume 75, Number 1, July 2006
Page(s) 126 - 132
Section Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties
Published online 26 May 2006
Europhys. Lett., 75 (1), pp. 126-132 (2006)
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2006-10066-0

Structural stability and electronic properties of carbon-boron nitride compounds

S. Azevedo and R. de Paiva

Departamento de Física, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana km-03, Br-116 Norte, 44031-460, Feira de Santana, BA, Brazil

received 10 January 2006; accepted in final form 2 May 2006
published online 26 May 2006

First-principles calculations have been used to investigate the structural and electronic properties of boron ternary graphite-like monolayers (BCN), using pseudopotential method within density functional theory. Particular emphasis was focused on the effect of composition and atomic arrangement on the structural stability and electronic properties in a 32-atom unit cell. The analysis of the band structures, density of states, total and formation energies reveal that: i) the B3N3C2 graphite-like monolayers have the lowest formation energy among many BC2N monolayers because of the smallest number of the B-C and C-N bonds, and ii) depending on the atomic arrangement, the BCN monolayers behave as a semiconductor or metal, with band gap energy ranging from 0 to 2.45$\un{eV}$. In addition, our calculations confirm that the stable structure of boron ternary monolayers (BCN) is formed by increasing the number of both C-C and B-N bonds, and independent of the unit cell size.

71.20.Tx - Fullerenes and related materials; intercalation compounds.
71.15.Mb - Density functional theory, local density approximation, gradient and other corrections.
81.05.Zx - New materials: theory, design, and fabrication.

© EDP Sciences 2006