Europhys. Lett.
Volume 76, Number 3, November 2006
Page(s) 436 - 442
Section Physics of gases, plasmas and electric discharges
Published online 11 October 2006
Europhys. Lett., 76 (3), pp. 436-442 (2006)
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2006-10296-0

Multiple-scattering effects in laser ablation plume propagation in gases

S. Amoruso1, J. Schou2 and J. G. Lunney3

1  Coherentia-INFM and Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche Università degli Studi Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli, Italy
2  OPL, Risø National Laboratory - DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark
3  School of Physics, Trinity College - Dublin 2, Ireland

received 17 June 2006; accepted in final form 18 September 2006
published online 11 October 2006

Langmuir probe technique has been employed to characterize the dynamics of UV laser ablation plasma ions from a silver target in different background gases (He, Ne, Ar and Xe). For all these gases the ion time-of-flight signals show progressive formation of a slower component as the gas pressure is increased. In the case of heavier gases (Ar and Xe) this slower component is clearly resolved from the vacuum peak (plume splitting), as has been previously reported. The pressure variation of the collected ion yield deviates markedly from a simple exponential decay, and a new approach, based on multiple-elastic-scattering processes, has been developed to describe these results as well as to provide elastic collision cross-sections which were previously not available. For the heavier gases, it has been possible to analyze the two ion components separately, and to estimate both the elastic collision cross-sections and the scattering order for the different gases.

52.38.Mf - Laser ablation.
79.20.Ds - Laser-beam impact phenomena.
81.15.Fg - Laser deposition.

© EDP Sciences 2006