Issue
EPL
Volume 77, Number 2, January 2007
Article Number 20011
Number of page(s) 6
Section General
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/77/20011
Published online 15 January 2007
EPL, 77 (2007) 20011
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/77/20011

Quantum master equation in phase space: Application to the Brownian motion in a periodic potential

W. T. Coffey1, Yu. P. Kalmykov2, S. V. Titov1, 3 and B. P. Mulligan1

1  Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Trinity College - Dublin 2, Ireland
2  Laboratoire MEPS, Université de Perpignan - 52 Avenue de Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan Cedex, France
3  Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences - Vvedenskii Square 1, Fryazino, 141190, Russia


received 14 November 2006; accepted in final form 23 November 2006; published January 2007
published online 15 January 2007

Abstract
The quantum Brownian motion of a particle in a periodic potential $V(x)=-V_{0}{\rm cos}(x/x_{0})$ is treated using the master equation for the Wigner distribution function W(x, p, t) in phase space (x, p). Explicit equations for the diffusion coefficients of the master equation for this dissipative quantum system are derived. The dynamic structure factor S(k, t) and escape rate $\Gamma $ are evaluated using matrix continued fractions. The matrix continued fraction calculation for $\Gamma $ agrees well with the analytical solution of the corresponding quantum Kramers turnover problem.

PACS
03.65.Yz - Decoherence; open systems; quantum statistical methods .
05.40.-a - Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion .

© Europhysics Letters Association 2007