Volume 78, Number 2, April 2007
Article Number 27005
Number of page(s) 5
Section Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties
Published online 04 April 2007
EPL, 78 (2007) 27005
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/78/27005

Optical second harmonic generation from Wannier excitons

T. G. Pedersen1 and H. D. Cornean2

1  Department of Physics and Nanotechnology, Aalborg University - DK-9220 Aalborg Øst, Denmark
2  Department of Mathematical Sciences, Aalborg University - DK-9220 Aalborg Øst, Denmark

received 13 November 2006; accepted in final form 7 March 2007; published April 2007
published online 4 April 2007

Excitonic effects in the linear optical response of semiconductors are well known and the subject of countless experimental and theoretical studies. For the technologically important second-order nonlinear response, however, description of excitonic effects has proved to be difficult. In this work, a simplified three-band Wannier exciton model of cubic semiconductors is applied and a closed form expression for the complex second harmonic response function including broadening is derived. Our calculated spectra are found to be in excellent agreement with the measured response near the band edge. In addition, a very substantial enhancement of the nonlinear response is predicted for the transparency region.

71.35.-y - Excitons and related phenomena.
78.20.Bh - Theory, models, and numerical simulation.
42.65.An - Optical susceptibility, hyperpolarizability.

© Europhysics Letters Association 2007