Generalized coherent states as preferred states of open quantum systemsS. Boixo1, 2, L. Viola3 and G. Ortiz4
1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico - Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
2 CCS-3: Modeling, Algorithms, and Informatics, Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, 6127 Wilder Laboratory Hanover, NH 03755, USA
4 Department of Physics, Indiana University - Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
received 6 June 2007; accepted in final form 25 June 2007; published August 2007
published online 19 July 2007
We investigate the connection between quasi-classical (pointer) states and generalized coherent states (GCSs) within an algebraic approach to Markovian quantum systems (including bosons, spins, and fermions). We establish conditions for the GCS set to become most robust by relating the rate of purity loss to an invariant measure of uncertainty derived from quantum Fisher information. We find that, for damped bosonic modes, the stability of canonical coherent states is confirmed in a variety of scenarios, while for systems described by (compact) Lie algebras, stringent symmetry constraints must be obeyed for the GCS set to be preferred. The relationship between GCSs, minimum-uncertainty states, and decoherence-free subspaces is also elucidated.
03.65.Yz - Decoherence; open systems; quantum statistical methods.
03.67.Pp - Quantum error correction and other methods for protection against decoherence.
05.30.-d - Quantum statistical mechanics.
© Europhysics Letters Association 2007