Issue
EPL
Volume 79, Number 5, September 2007
Article Number 56003
Number of page(s) 5
Section Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/79/56003
Published online 02 August 2007
EPL, 79 (2007) 56003
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/79/56003

Discriminated structural behaviour of $\chem{C_{60}}$ and $\chem{C_{70}}$ peapods under extreme conditions

M. Chorro1, J. Cambedouzou1, A. Iwasiewicz-Wabnig2, L. Noé3, S. Rols4, M. Monthioux3, B. Sundqvist2 and P. Launois1

1  Laboratoire de Physique des Solides UMR-8502 CNRS, Université Paris-Sud - F-91405 Orsay, France
2  Department of Physics, Umeå University - S-90187 Umeå, Sweden
3  Centre d' Elaboration des Matériaux et d'Etudes Structurales, UPR-8011 CNRS - F-31062 Toulouse, France
4  Institut Laue Langevin - F-38042, Grenoble, France


received 12 June 2007; accepted in final form 6 July 2007; published September 2007
published online 2 August 2007

Abstract
We studied structural changes in C60 and C70 peapods -i.e. C60 and C70 chains inserted inside single-walled carbon nanotubes- when submitted to high pressure and temperature conditions. X-ray diffraction experiments showed that while C60 molecules polymerize inside nanotubes at pressures and temperatures consistent with polymerization in bulk C60 phases, no polymerization is observed in C70 peapods, even at pressures and temperatures above the threshold for polymerization in bulk C70. Tubular confinement in the nanotube container prevents the monomers to rearrange in the way needed for polymerization. This result testifies for the strong influence of confinement on the behaviour of C70.

PACS
61.48.+c - Fullerenes and fullerene-related materials.
07.35.+k - High-pressure apparatus; shock tubes; diamond anvil cells.
61.46.Fg - Nanotubes.

© Europhysics Letters Association 2007