Spin configurations and activation gaps of the quantum Hall states in grapheneT. Chakraborty1 and P. Pietiläinen1, 2
1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba - Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
2 Department of Physical Sciences/Theoretical Physics, University of Oulu - P.O. Box 3000, FIN-90014, Finland
received 23 July 2007; accepted in final form 11 September 2007; published November 2007
published online 9 October 2007
We report on our accurate evaluation of spin polarizations of the ground state and particle-hole gaps for the partially filled lowest Landau level, observed in recent experiments on graphene subjected to ultra-high magnetic fields. We find that the inter-electron interactions are important at these filling factors, characterized by the non-degenerate ground states and large particle-hole gaps at infinitely large wave vectors. The gaps are the largest for the quantum Hall states in the second Landau level. The weak appearence of quantum Hall plateaus in the experiments for certain filling factors in the second Landau level however indicates that at these filling factors, the system has a soft mode at a finite wave vector due presumably to the presence of disorder.
73.43.-f - Quantum Hall effects.
71.10.-w - Theories and models of many-electron systems.
© Europhysics Letters Association 2007