Phase-locking transition of coupled low-dimensional superfluidsL. Mathey1, A. Polkovnikov2 and A. H. Castro Neto2
1 Physics Department, Harvard University - Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
2 Department of Physics, Boston University - 590 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215, USA
received 11 August 2007; accepted in final form 6 November 2007; published January 2008
published online 3 December 2007
We study the phase-locking transition of two coupled low-dimensional superfluids, either two-dimensional superfluids at finite temperature, or one-dimensional superfluids at zero temperature. We find that the superfluids have a strong tendency to phase-lock. The phase-locking is accompanied by a sizeable increase of the transition temperature Tc (in 2D systems) of the resulting double-layer superfluid to thermal Bose gas transition, compared to the Kosterlitz-Thouless temperature TKT of the uncoupled 2D systems, which suggests a plausible way of observing the Kibble-Zurek mechanism in two-dimensional cold atom systems by rapidly varying the tunneling rate between the superfluids. If there is also interaction between atoms in different layers present we find additional phases, while no sliding phase, characterized by order or quasilong-range order (QLRO) either in the symmetric or the antisymmetric sector of the system.
03.75.Lm - Tunneling, Josephson effect, Bose-Einstein condensates in periodic potentials, solitons, vortices, and topological excitations.
67.60.-g - Mixed systems; liquid 3He, 4He mixtures.
68.35.Rh - Phase transitions and critical phenomena.
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