Elementary charge transfer processes in a superconductor-ferromagnet entanglerJ. P. Morten1, 2, D. Huertas-Hernando1, 2, W. Belzig3, 2 and A. Brataas1, 2
1 Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology - N-7491 Trondheim, Norway
2 Centre for Advanced Study - Drammensveien 78, N-0271 Oslo, Norway
3 University of Konstanz, Department of Physics - D-78457 Konstanz, Germany
received 23 October 2007; accepted in final form 8 December 2007; published February 2008
published online 15 January 2008
We study the production of spatially separated entangled electrons in ferromagnetic leads from Cooper pairs in a superconducting lead. We give a complete description of the elementary charge transfer processes, i) transfer of Cooper pairs out of the superconductor by Andreev reflection and ii) distribution of the entangled quasiparticles among the ferromagnetic leads, in terms of their statistics. The probabilities that entangled electrons flow into spatially separated leads are completely determined by experimentally measurable tunnel conductances and polarizations. Finally, we investigate how currents, noise and cross-correlations are affected by transport of entangled electrons.
03.67.Mn - Entanglement production, characterization, and manipulation.
74.40.+k - Fluctuations (noise, chaos, nonequilibrium superconductivity, localization, etc.).
72.25.Mk - Spin transport through interfaces.
© EPLA 2008