Volume 82, Number 2, April 2008
Article Number 28003
Number of page(s) 5
Section Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology
Published online 26 March 2008
EPL, 82 (2008) 28003
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/82/28003

Pattern formation and efficiency of reaction-diffusion processes on complex networks

S. Weber1, M.-T. Hütt2 and M. Porto1

1  Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt - Hochschulstr. 8, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany, EU
2  Computational Systems Biology, School of Engineering and Science, Jacobs University Bremen - 28759 Bremen, Germany, EU

received 17 January 2008; accepted in final form 20 February 2008; published April 2008
published online 26 March 2008

Understanding how the topology of a network influences a given dynamics taking place on it is a major challenge in many fields of science. In this letter, we address part of this challenge by studying the impact of topological correlations in complex networks on the pattern formation and the efficiency of the reaction-diffusion process A + B $\rightarrow \emptyset $, the latter serving as a generic dynamics capturing the essentials of many real world examples. The major results are that i) the pattern formation can be characterized by a single scalar observable directly related to the amount of topological correlations and that, counterintuitively, ii) a large amount of pattern formation (i.e., of segregation of the two species A and B) does not necessarily mean a small efficiency, in contrast to regular d-dimensional lattices. Thus, particular topological correlations in complex networks allow for achieving opposing dynamical aims, as frequently observed in biological systems under opposing evolutionary pressures.

82.20.-w - Chemical kinetics and dynamics.
05.40.-a - Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion.
89.75.-k - Complex systems.

© EPLA 2008