Issue
EPL
Volume 82, Number 5, June 2008
Article Number 50003
Number of page(s) 5
Section General
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/82/50003
Published online 27 May 2008
EPL, 82 (2008) 50003
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/82/50003

Thermodynamic vs. topological phase transitions: Cusp in the Kertész line

Ph. Blanchard1, D. Gandolfo2, J. Ruiz2 and M. Wouts3

1  Fakultät für Physik, Theoretishe Physik and Bibos, Universität Bielefeld - Universitässtrasse, 25, D-33615, Bielefeld, Germany, EU
2  Centre de Physique Théorique, UMR 6207, Universités Aix-Marseille et Sud Toulon-Var - Luminy Case 907, F-13288 Marseille, France, EU
3  Modal'X, Université Paris Ouest-Nanterre la Défense, Bât. G - 200 avenue de la République, F-92001 Nanterre Cedex, France, EU

blanchard@physik.uni-bielefeld.de
gandolfo@cpt.univ-mrs.fr
ruiz@cpt.univ-mrs.fr
marc.wouts@u-paris10.fr

received 20 March 2008; accepted in final form 10 April 2008; published June 2008
published online 27 May 2008

Abstract
We present a study of phase transitions of the mean-field Potts model at (inverse) temperature $\beta$, in the presence of an external field h. Both thermodynamic and topological aspects of these transitions are considered. For the first aspect we complement previous results and give an explicit equation of the thermodynamic transition line in the $\beta$-h plane as well as the magnitude of the jump of the magnetization (for q $\geqslant$ 3 ). The signature of the latter aspect is characterized here by the presence or not of a giant component in the clusters of a Fortuin-Kasteleyn type representation of the model. We give the equation of the Kertész line separating (in the $\beta$-h plane) the two behaviours. As a result, we get that this line exhibits, as soon as q $\geqslant$ 3, a very interesting cusp where it separates from the thermodynamic transition line.

PACS
05.50.+q - Lattice theory and statistics (Ising, Potts, etc.).
05.70.Fh - Phase transitions: general studies.
64.60.ah - Percolation.

© EPLA 2008