Volume 83, Number 4, August 2008
Article Number 47001
Number of page(s) 4
Section Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties
Published online 14 July 2008
EPL, 83 (2008) 47001
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/83/47001

Observation of Fermi-surface-dependent nodeless superconducting gaps in Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2

H. Ding1, P. Richard2, K. Nakayama3, K. Sugawara3, T. Arakane3, Y. Sekiba3, A. Takayama3, S. Souma2, T. Sato3, T. Takahashi2, 3, Z. Wang4, X. Dai1, Z. Fang1, G. F. Chen1, J. L. Luo1 and N. L. Wang1

1  Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100190, China
2  WPI Research Center, Advanced Institute for Material Research, Tohoku University - Sendai 980-8577, Japan
3  Department of Physics, Tohoku University - Sendai 980-8578, Japan
4  Department of Physics, Boston College - Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA

received 3 July 2008; accepted in final form 7 July 2008; published August 2008
published online 14 July 2008

We have performed a high-resolution angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy study on the newly discovered superconductor Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2 (Tc=37 K). We have observed two superconducting gaps with different values: a large gap $(\Delta \sim$ 12 meV) on the two small hole-like and electron-like Fermi surface (FS) sheets, and a small gap (~ 6 meV) on the large hole-like FS. Both gaps, closing simultaneously at the bulk transition temperature (Tc), are nodeless and nearly isotropic around their respective FS sheets. The isotropic pairing interactions are strongly orbital dependent, as the ratio $2\Delta $/ $k_{{\rm B}}T_{{\rm c}}$ switches from weak to strong coupling on different bands. The same and surprisingly large superconducting gap due to strong pairing on the two small FSs, which are connected by the ($\pi $, 0) spin-density-wave vector in the parent compound, strongly suggests that the pairing mechanism originates from the inter-band interactions between these two nested FS sheets.

74.25.Jb - Electronic structure.
74.70.-b - Superconducting materials.
79.60.-i - Photoemission and photoelectron spectra.

© EPLA 2008