Geometric vs. dynamical gates in quantum computing implementations using Zeeman and Heisenberg HamiltoniansYu Shi
Department of Physics, Fudan University - Shanghai 200433, China
received 4 June 2008; accepted in final form 8 July 2008; published September 2008
published online 21 August 2008
Quantum computing in terms of geometric phases, i.e. Berry or Aharonov-Anandan phases, is fault-tolerant to a certain degree. We examine its implementation based on Zeeman coupling with a rotating field and isotropic Heisenberg interaction, which describe NMR and can also be realized in quantum dots and cold atoms. Using a novel physical representation of the qubit basis states, we construct /8 and Hadamard gates based on Berry and Aharonov-Anandan phases. For two interacting qubits in a rotating field, we find that it is always impossible to construct a two-qubit gate based on Berry phases, or based on Aharonov-Anandan phases when the gyromagnetic ratios of the two qubits are equal. In implementing a universal set of quantum gates, one may combine geometric /8 and Hadamard gates and dynamical gate.
03.67.Lx - Quantum computation architectures and implementations.
03.65.Vf - Phases: geometric; dynamic or topological.
73.21.La - Quantum dots.
© EPLA 2008