Anomalous diffusion on the Hanoi networksS. Boettcher and B. Gonçalves
Department of Physics, Emory University - Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
received 20 February 2008; accepted in final form 15 September 2008; published November 2008
published online 14 October 2008
Diffusion is modeled on the recently proposed Hanoi networks by studying the mean-square displacement of random walks with time, r2 ~ t 2/dw. It is found that diffusion —the quintessential mode of transport throughout Nature— proceeds faster than ordinary, in one case with an exact, anomalous exponent dw=2- log2( )=1.30576... . It is an instance of a physical exponent containing the “golden ratio” =(1+)/2 that is intimately related to Fibonacci sequences and since Euclid's time has been found to be fundamental throughout geometry, architecture, art, and Nature itself. It originates from a singular renormalization group fixed point with a subtle boundary layer, for whose resolution is the main protagonist. The origin of this rare singularity is easily understood in terms of the physics of the process. Yet, the connection between network geometry and the emergence of in this context remains elusive. These results provide an accurate test of recently proposed universal scaling forms for first passage times.
05.40.-a - Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion.
64.60.aq - Networks.
64.60.ae - Renormalization-group theory.
© EPLA 2008