Issue
EPL
Volume 85, Number 1, January 2009
Article Number 18004
Number of page(s) 5
Section Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/85/18004
Published online 07 January 2009
EPL, 85 (2009) 18004
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/85/18004

Influence of trapping power and scanning speed on the quality of ordered structures formed in Z-scan-based optical trapping

Qiao-Feng Dai1, Hai-Ying Liu1, Jin Liu1, Li-Jun Wu1, Qi Guo1, Wei Hu1, Xiang-Bo Yang1, Song-Hao Liu1, Sheng Lan1, Achanta Venu Gopal2 and Vyacheslav A. Trofimov3

1   Laboratory of Photonic Information Technology, School for Information and Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, South China Normal University - Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, PRC
2   DCMP and MS, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research - Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005, India
3   Department of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University Moscow 119992, Russia

slan@scnu.edu.cn

received 31 July 2008; accepted in final form 25 November 2008; published January 2009
published online 7 January 2009

Abstract
Ordered structures formed in Z-scan-based optical trapping of colloidal liquids are evaluated by examining both the Z-scan trace and the diffraction pattern of the trapping region. It is found that there exits an optimum trapping power at which a highly ordered structure is achieved. This optimum trapping power exhibits a dependence on the scanning speed. In addition, a rapid deterioration in the quality of the ordered structures occurs with increasing scanning speed and it can be compensated by an increase of the trapping power. The two mechanisms that govern the annihilation dynamics of the ordered structures are clearly resolved at high scanning speeds due to their different response times to the change of the trapping light.

PACS
87.80.Cc - Optical trapping.
42.50.Wk - Mechanical effects of light on material media, microstructures and particles.
42.70.Qs - Photonic bandgap materials.

© EPLA 2009