Volume 85, Number 2, January 2009
Article Number 27007
Number of page(s) 6
Section Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties
Published online 30 January 2009
EPL, 85 (2009) 27007
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/85/27007

Superperturbation solver for quantum impurity models

H. Hafermann1, C. Jung1, S. Brener1, M. I. Katsnelson2, A. N. Rubtsov3 and A. I. Lichtenstein1

1   I. Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Hamburg - 20355 Hamburg, Germany, EU
2   Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University of Nijmegen - 6525 AJ Nijmegen, The Netherlands, EU
3   Department of Physics, Moscow State University - 119992 Moscow, Russia

received 15 September 2008; accepted in final form 19 December 2008; published January 2009
published online 30 January 2009

We present a very efficient solver for the general Anderson impurity problem. It is based on the perturbation around a solution obtained from exact diagonalization, using a small number of bath sites. We formulate a perturbation theory which is valid for both weak and strong coupling and interpolates between these limits. Good agreement with numerically exact quantum Monte Carlo results is found for a single bath site over a wide range of parameters. In particular, the Kondo resonance in the intermediate-coupling regime is well reproduced for a single bath site and the lowest-order correction. The method is particularly suited for low temperatures, alleviates analytical continuation of imaginary time data due to the absence of statistical noise and can be generalized to obtain dynamical quantities directly on the real axis.

71.27.+a - Strongly correlated electron systems; heavy fermions.

© EPLA 2009