Phase behaviour in binary mixtures of ultrasoft repulsive particlesS. D. Overduin and C. N. Likos
Institute for Theoretical Physics II: Soft Matter, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf - Universitätsstraße 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany, EU
received 4 November 2008; accepted in final form 22 December 2008; published January 2009
published online 29 January 2009
We investigate the phase behaviour of binary mixtures consisting of two ultrasoft species labeled 1 and 2, using the liquid-state theory and the classical density functional theory. The interaction potentials of the two species belong to different classes of ultrasoft potentials that display a dramatically different phase behaviour in the pure case: in the pure species-1 system, there is a maximum freezing temperature and re-entrant melting occurs; in the pure species-2 system, freezing to a cluster-crystal phase, defined by multiple occupancy of each lattice site, occurs at all temperatures. We examine the phase behaviour in the mixture for different potential parameters. In some cases we find that the clustering behaviour of species 2 can induce clustering of species 1 in 2-rich systems. We identify and characterise stable crystal structures and investigate the effect of a nearby demixing transition on the liquid-solid phase coexistence.
64.70.D- - Solid-liquid transitions.
61.20.Gy - Theory and models of liquid structure.
82.30.Nr - Association, addition, insertion, cluster formation.
© EPLA 2009