Issue
EPL
Volume 85, Number 3, February 2009
Article Number 30002
Number of page(s) 5
Section General
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/85/30002
Published online 29 January 2009
EPL, 85 (2009) 30002
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/85/30002

Localized states and interaction-induced delocalization in Bose gases with quenched disorder

G. M. Falco1, T. Nattermann1 and V. L. Pokrovsky2, 3

1   Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität zu Köln - Zülpicher Str. 77, D-50937 Köln, Germany, EU
2   Department of Physics, Texas A&M University - College Station, TX 77843-4242, USA
3   Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics - Chernogolovka, Moscow District 142432, Russia

falco@thp.uni-koeln.de

received on 17 November 2008; accepted in final form by M. Lewenstein on 13 January 2009; published February 2009
published online 29 January 2009

Abstract
Very diluted Bose gas placed into a disordered environment falls into a fragmented localized state. At some critical density the repulsion between particles overcomes the disorder. The gas transits into a coherent superfluid state. In this article the geometrical and energetic characteristics of the localized state at zero temperature and the critical density at which the quantum phase transition from the localized to the superfluid state proceeds are found.

PACS
03.75.Hh - Static properties of condensates; thermodynamical, statistical, and structural properties.
03.75.Kk - Dynamic properties of condensates; collective and hydrodynamic excitations, superfluid flow.

© EPLA 2009