Conventional superconductivity in Fe-based pnictides: The relevance of intra-band electron-boson scatteringM. L. Kulić1, S.-L. Drechsler2 and O. V. Dolgov3
1 Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Theorerische Physik - D-60054 Frankfurt am Main, Germany, EU
2 Leibniz-Institut für Festkörper- und Werkstoffforschung Dresden (IFW Dresden) - D-01069 Dresden, Germany, EU
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperphysik - D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany, EU
received 2 December 2008; accepted in final form 6 February 2009; published February 2009
published online 9 March 2009
Various experimental data point against the gapless unconventional pairings, since the large intra-band impurity scattering is strongly pair-breaking for them. If the strength of the inter-band impurity scattering is in the Born limit it may be very detrimental for pairing (hole(h)- and electron(el)-gap are of opposite signs). However, in some single crystals the inter-band impurity scattering may be strong and far beyond the Born scattering limit. In that case the proposed pairing is much less suppressed and might be realized if the inter-band repulsive interaction (due to either the direct Coulomb interaction or antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations) dominates the attractive one. The present experimental data imply that the intra-band pairing in the h- and in the el-band is a nodeless and conventional one. The latter is inevitably due to a nonmagnetic el-boson attractive interaction (EBI), and must be taken into account. The EBI is either due to phonons (EPI) or to excitons (EEI), or both are simultaneously operative. We discuss their possible interplay briefly. The recent large Fe-isotope effect, if confirmed, favors the EPI intra- and inter-band pairing, additionally amplified by EEI, in which case the s+ pairing (the h- and el-gaps are in-phase) is favored. Otherweise pairing is realized. In order to test the strength of the inter-band pairing (which increases Tc independently of the sign of the inter-band coupling constant) we propose measurements of the Legget mode by varying doping.
74.25.Jb - Electronic structure.
74.25.Kc - Phonons.
74.70.Dd - Ternary, quaternary, and multinary compounds (including Chevrel phases, borocarbides, etc.).
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