Volume 86, Number 2, April 2009
Article Number 24001
Number of page(s) 5
Section Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics
Published online 24 April 2009
EPL, 86 (2009) 24001
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/86/24001

Evolution of rogue waves in interacting wave systems

A. Grönlund1, 2, B. Eliasson3 and M. Marklund3

1   Department of Mathematics, Uppsala University - SE-751 06 Uppsala, Sweden, EU
2   Umeå Plant Science Center, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences - SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden, EU
3   Department of Physics, Umeå University - SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden, EU

received 4 December 2008; accepted in final form 16 March 2009; published April 2009
published online 24 April 2009

Large-amplitude water waves on deep water have long been known in the seafaring community, and are the cause of great concern for, e.g., oil platform constructions. The concept of such freak waves is nowadays, thanks to satellite and radar measurements, well established within the scientific community. There are a number of important models and approaches for the theoretical description of such waves. By analyzing the scaling behavior of freak wave formation in a model of two interacting waves, described by two coupled non-linear Schrödinger equations, we show that there are two different dynamical scaling behaviors above and below a critical angle $\theta _{{\rm c}}$ of the direction of the interacting waves, below which all wave systems evolve and display statistics similar to a wave system of non-interacting waves. The results equally apply to other systems described by the non-linear Schrödinger equations, and should be of interest when designing optical wave guides.

47.35.-i - Hydrodynamic waves.
92.10.Hm - Ocean waves and oscillations.
42.65.Sf - Dynamics of nonlinear optical systems; optical instabilities, optical chaos and complexity, and optical spatio-temporal dynamics.

© EPLA 2009