Volume 86, Number 4, May 2009
Article Number 40010
Number of page(s) 6
Section General
Published online 04 June 2009
EPL, 86 (2009) 40010
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/86/40010

Autocorrelation function of velocity increments time series in fully developed turbulence

Y. X. Huang1, 2, F. G. Schmitt2, Z. M. Lu1 and Y. L. Liu1

1   Shanghai Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Shanghai University - 200072 Shanghai, China
2   Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille - Lille 1, CNRS, Laboratory of Oceanology and Geosciences, UMR 8187 LOG - 62930 Wimereux, France, EU

received 12 February 2009; accepted in final form 5 May 2009; published May 2009
published online 4 June 2009

In fully developed turbulence, the velocity field possesses long-range correlations, denoted by a scaling power spectrum or structure functions. Here we consider the autocorrelation function of velocity increment $\Delta u_{\ell}(t)$ at separation time $\ell $. Anselmet et al. (J. Fluid Mech.140 (1984) 63) have found that the autocorrelation function of velocity increment has a minimum value, whose location is approximately equal to $\ell $. Taking statistical stationary assumption, we link the velocity increment and the autocorrelation function with the power spectrum of the original variable. We then propose an analytical model of the autocorrelation function. With this model, we prove that the location of the minimum autocorrelation function is exactly equal to the separation time $\ell $ when the scaling of the power spectrum of the original variable belongs to the range 0 < $\beta$ < 2. This model also suggests a power law expression for the minimum autocorrelation. Considering the cumulative function of the autocorrelation function, it is shown that the main contribution to the autocorrelation function comes from the large scale part. Finally we argue that the autocorrelation function is a better indicator of the inertial range than the second-order structure function.

05.45.Tp - Time series analysis.
02.50.Fz - Stochastic analysis.
47.27.Gs - Isotropic turbulence; homogeneous turbulence.

© EPLA 2009