Volume 86, Number 5, June 2009
Article Number 58002
Number of page(s) 5
Section Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology
Published online 16 June 2009
EPL, 86 (2009) 58002
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/86/58002

Jamming transition in traffic flow under the priority queuing protocol

K. Kim, B. Kahng and D. Kim

Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University - Seoul 151-747, South Korea

received 11 January 2009; accepted in final form 14 May 2009; published June 2009
published online 16 June 2009

Packet traffic in complex networks undergoes the jamming transition from free-flow to congested state as the number of packets in the system increases. Here we study such jamming transition when queues are operated by the priority queuing protocol and packets are guided by the dynamic routing protocol. We introduce a minimal model in which there are two types of packets distinguished by whether priority is assigned. Based on numerical simulations, we show that traffic is improved in the congested region under the priority queuing protocol, and it is worsened in the free-flow region. Also, we find that at the transition point, the waiting-time distribution follows a power law, and the power spectrum of traffic exhibits a crossover between two $1/f^{\alpha}$ behaviors with two different exponents $\alpha$ < 2 in low- and high-frequency regime, respectively. This crossover is originated from a characteristic waiting time of packets in the queue.

89.75.Hc - Networks and genealogical trees.
89.70.-a - Information and communication theory.
89.20.Ff - Computer science and technology.

© EPLA 2009