Density dynamics from current auto-correlations at finite time- and length-scalesR. Steinigeweg, H. Wichterich and J. Gemmer
Fachbereich Physik, Universität Osnabrück - Barbarastrasse 7, D-49069 Osnabrück, Germany, EU
received 8 July 2009; accepted in final form 17 September 2009; published October 2009
published online 22 October 2009
We consider the increase of the spatial variance of some inhomogeneous, non-equilibrium density (particles, energy, etc.) in a periodic quantum system of condensed-matter type. This is done for a certain class of initial quantum states which is supported by static linear response and typicality arguments. We directly relate the broadening to some current auto-correlation function at finite times. Our result is not limited to diffusive behavior, however, in that case it yields a generalized Einstein relation. These findings facilitate the approximation of diffusion constants/conductivities on the basis of current auto-correlation functions at finite times for finite systems. Pursuing this, we quantitatively confirm the magnetization diffusion constant in a spin chain which was recently found from non-equilibrium bath scenarios.
05.60.Gg - Quantum transport.
05.30.-d - Quantum statistical mechanics.
05.70.Ln - Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics.
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