Low-energy excitations of the kagomé antiferromagnet and the spin-gap issueP. Sindzingre and C. Lhuillier
Laboratoire de Physique Théorique de la Matière Condensée, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS, UMR 7600 Case Courrier 121, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex, France, EU
received 3 July 2009; accepted in final form 12 October 2009; published October 2009
published online 10 November 2009
In this paper we report the latest results of exact diagonalizations of SU(2) invariant models on various lattices (square, triangular, hexagonal, checkerboard and kagomé lattices) and revisit critically in this light some of our previous analysis. We focus on the low-lying levels in each S sector. The differences in behavior between gapless systems and gapped ones are exhibited. The plausibility of a gapless spin liquid in the Heisenberg model on the kagomé lattice is discussed. A rough estimate of the spin susceptibility in such an hypothesis is given. The evolution of the intra-S-channel spectra under the effect of a small perturbation is consistent with the proximity of a quantum critical point. We reemphasize that the very small intra-S-channel energy scale observed in exact spectra is a very interesting information to understand the low-T dynamics of this model.
75.10.Jm - Quantized spin models.
75.40.Mg - Numerical simulation studies.
75.50.Ee - Antiferromagnetics.
© EPLA 2009