Vicinage effect on secondary-electron emission in the forward direction from amorphous carbon foils induced by swift C2+ ionsY. Takahashi1, K. Narumi1, A. Chiba2, Y. Saitoh2, K. Yamada2, N. Ishikawa3, H. Sugai3 and Y. Maeda4, 3
1 Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency - Watanuki 1233, Takasaki, Gumma 370-1292, Japan
2 Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency - Watanuki 1233, Takasaki, Gumma 370-1292, Japan
3 Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency - 2-4 Shirakata Shirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan
4 Department of Energy Science and Technology, Kyoto University - Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
received 14 July 2009; accepted in final form 18 November 2009; published December 2009
published online 22 December 2009
For the first time the disappearance of the vicinage effect on the secondary-electron yield in the forward direction from amorphous carbon foils bombarded with 62.5 keV/u C2+ ions was observed for thick foils of 61–150 g/cm2. The threshold internuclear distance where the vicinage effect disappears was determined by calculating trajectories of the fragment ions considering the Coulomb explosion in order to estimate the characteristic interaction length that causes the vicinage effect. The threshold internuclear distance is much larger than that for the energy loss, which is related to a production process of scattered electrons leading to the secondary-electron emission. Moreover, the threshold internuclear distance increases as the velocity of the ion increases. This result means that a transport or transmission process of scattered electrons is very important for the appearance of the vicinage effect.
36.40.-c - Atomic and molecular clusters.
34.35.+a - Interactions of atoms and molecules with surfaces.
79.20.Rf - Atomic, molecular, and ion beam impact and interactions with surfaces.
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