Simple model for wet granular materials with liquid clusters
Niels Bohr Institute - Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark, EU
2 Department of Physics, Kyushu University 33 - 812-8581, Fukuoka, Japan
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 30 November 2009
We propose a simple phenomenological model for wet granular media to take into account the many-particle interaction through the liquid in the funicular state as well as the two-body cohesive force by a liquid bridge in the pendular state. In the wet granular media with small liquid content, the liquid forms a bridge at each contact point, which induces a two-body cohesive force due to the surface tension. As the liquid content increases, some liquid bridges merge, and more than two grains interact through a single liquid cluster. In our model, the cohesive force acts between the grains connected by a liquid-gas interface. As the liquid content increases, the number of grains that interact through the liquid increases, but the liquid-gas interface may decrease when liquid clusters are formed. Due to this competition, our model shows that the shear stress has a maximum as a function of the liquid content.
PACS: 45.70.-n – Granular systems / 82.70.-y – Disperse systems; complex fluids / 83.80.Fg – Granular solids
© EPLA, 2009