Tracking spin and charge with spectroscopy in spin-polarised 1D systems
Institut für Theorie der Kondensierten Materie, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie - 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany, EU
2 Institut für Nanotechnologie, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie - 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany, EU
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 28 January 2010
We calculate the spectral function of a one-dimensional strongly interacting chain of fermions, where the response can be well understood in terms of spinon and holon excitations. Upon increasing the spin imbalance between the spin species, we observe the single-electron response of the fully polarised system to emanate from the holon peak while the spinon response vanishes. For experimental setups that probe one-dimensional properties, we propose this method as an additional generic tool to aid the identification of spectral structures, e.g. in ARPES measurements. We show that this applies even to trapped systems having cold atomic gas experiments in mind. Calculations of the spectral function in a magnetic field are presented in the full momentum range for the first time.
PACS: 71.10.Pm – Fermions in reduced dimensions (anyons, composite fermions, Luttinger liquid, etc.) / 71.10.Fd – Lattice fermion models (Hubbard model, etc.) / 72.15.Nj – Collective modes (e.g., in one-dimensional conductors
© EPLA, 2010