Quenching through Dirac and semi-Dirac points in optical lattices: Kibble-Zurek scaling for anisotropic quantum critical systems
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology - Kanpur 208 016, India
2 Department of Physics, University of California - Davis, CA 95616, USA
Accepted: 3 March 2010
We propose that Kibble-Zurek scaling can be studied in optical lattices by creating geometries that support Dirac, semi-Dirac and quadratic band crossings. On a honeycomb lattice with fermions, as a staggered on-site potential is varied through zero, the system crosses the gapless Dirac points, and we show that the density of defects created scales as 1/τ, where τ is the inverse rate of change of the potential, in agreement with the Kibble-Zurek relation. We generalize the result for a passage through a semi-Dirac point in d dimensions, in which spectrum is linear in m parallel directions and quadratic in the rest of the perpendicular (d-m) directions. We find that the defect density is given by where , and , are the dynamical exponents and the correlation length exponents along the parallel and perpendicular directions, respectively. The scaling relations are also generalized to the case of non-linear quenching.
PACS: 73.43.Nq – Quantum phase transitions / 05.70.Jk – Critical point phenomena / 71.10.-w – Theories and models of many-electron systems
© EPLA, 2010