Exact time-reversal focusing of acoustic and quantum excitations in open cavities: The perfect inverse filter
Instituto de Física Enrique Gaviola (CONICET) and Facultad de Matemática, Astronomía y Física, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba - Ciudad Universitaria, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina
Accepted: 9 March 2010
The time-reversal mirror (TRM) prescribes the reverse playback of a signal to focalize an acoustic excitation as a Loschmidt echo. In the quantum domain, the perfect inverse filter (PIF) processes this signal to ensure an exact reversion provided that the excitation originated outside the cavity delimited by the transducers. We show that PIF takes a simple form when the initial excitation is created inside this cavity. This also applies to the acoustical case, where it corrects the TRM and improves the design of an acoustic bazooka. We solve an open chaotic cavity modeling a quantum bazooka and a simple model for a Helmholtz resonator, showing that the PIF becomes decisive to compensate the group velocities involved in a highly localized excitation and to achieve subwavelength resolution.
PACS: 03.65.Wj – State reconstruction, quantum tomography / 03.67.-a – Quantum information / 43.60.-c – Acoustic signal processing
© EPLA, 2010