Dynamical realization of macroscopic superposition states of cold bosons in a tilted double well
Department of Physics, Colorado School of Mines - Golden, CO, 80401, USA
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 14 March 2010
We present exact expressions for the quantum sloshing of Bose-Einstein condensates in a tilted two-well potential. Tunneling is suppressed by a small potential difference between wells, or tilt. However, tunneling resonances occur for critical values of the tilt when the barrier is high. At resonance, tunneling times on the order of 10–100 ms are possible. Furthermore, such tilted resonances lead to a dynamical scheme for creating few-body NOON-like macroscopic superposition states which are protected by the many-body wave function against potential fluctuations.
PACS: 03.75.Lm – Tunneling, Josephson effect, Bose-Einstein condensates in periodic potentials, solitons, vortices, and topological excitations / 03.75.-b – Matter waves / 05.30.Jp – Boson systems
© EPLA, 2010