Avalanche properties of sandpile models in terms of a microscopic parameter
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati - Guwahati-781039, Assam, India
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 June 2010
Sandpile models are usually characterized by studying the “macroscopic” critical properties of its non-equilibrium steady state. However, most of the information of a sandpile avalanche remains stored in a “microscopic” parameter, the toppling number si of each sand column at a lattice site i. In terms of si, a number of physical quantities such as distribution of si, fluctuation and correlation in si, density distribution of si etc.; are defined and analyzed for a variety of sandpile models at their respective steady states. A set of new critical exponents is estimated and scaling relations among them are established. The values of the critical exponents are found to satisfy the scaling relations and able to characterize the system properties distinctly for different sandpile models. The analysis not only reveals the complex geometrical properties associated with the toppling surface but also provides deeper insight into the avalanche properties.
PACS: 05.20.-y – Classical statistical mechanics / 05.65.+b – Self-organized systems / 45.70.-n – Granular systems
© EPLA, 2010