Superconducting fluctuations, pseudogap and phase diagram in cuprates
Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, UMR CNRS 8502, Université Paris Sud - 91405 Orsay, France, EU
2 Service de Physique de l'Etat Condensé, Orme des Merisiers, CEA Saclay (CNRS URA 2464) 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France, EU
3 Laboratoire des Champs Magnétiques Intenses, UPR 3228, CNRS-UJF-UPS-INSA - 31400 Toulouse, France, EU
Accepted: 23 July 2010
We report transport measurements using pulsed magnetic fields to suppress the superconducting fluctuations (SCF) conductivity in a series of YBa2Cu3O6+x samples. These experiments allow us altogether to measure the temperature Tc′ at which SCF disappear, and the pseudogap temperature T*. While the latter are consistent with previous determinations of T*, we find that Tc′ is slightly larger than similar data taken by Nernst measurements. A careful investigation near optimal doping shows that T* becomes smaller than Tc′, which is an unambiguous evidence that the pseudogap cannot be assigned to preformed pairs. Studies of the incidence of disorder on both Tc′ and T* allow us to propose a phase diagram including disorder which explains most observations done in other cuprate families, and to discuss the available knowledge on the pseudogap line in the phase diagram.
PACS: 74.25.Dw – Superconductivity phase diagrams / 74.40.-n – Fluctuation phenomena / 74.72.Kf – Pseudogap regime
© EPLA, 2010