Superdiffusive mass transport as a causal mechanism for large-scale structure formation
Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo - Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
2 Institut für Festkörperforschung, Theorie II, Forschungszentrum Jülich - Jülich 52425, Germany, EU
Accepted: 12 August 2010
A system far from equilibrium is characterized by unconventional many-body dynamical effects, which can lead to anomalous density fluctuations and mass transport. Interestingly, these structural and dynamic features often emerge simultaneously in driven dissipative systems. Here we seek an origin of their co-existence by numerical simulations of a two-dimensional, driven system of inelastic particles without external damping terms. We reveal a causal link between superdiffusive transport and giant density fluctuations. The kinetic dissipation upon particle collisions depends on the relative velocity of colliding particles, and is responsible for the self-generated large-scale persistent directional motion of particles that underlies the link between structure and transport. This scenario is supported by a simple scaling argument.
PACS: 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 66.10.cg – Mass diffusion, including self-diffusion, mutual diffusion, tracer diffusion, etc.
© EPLA, 2010