Enhancing reactive energy through dark cavity plasmon modes
CEA, LETI, Minatec - 17 avenue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble, France, EU
Accepted: 7 December 2010
We present an opto-geometrical configuration in which a metallic surface having nanometer-scale grooves can be forced to efficiently resonate without emitting radiation. The structure is excited from the backside, by an evanescent wave, which allows to inhibit light re-emission and to drastically modify the quality factor of the resonance mode. The energy balance of the system, especially the imaginary part of the complex Poynting vector flux, is theoretically analysed thanks to a modal method. It is shown how the generated hot spots (coherent cavity modes of electro-static type) can store a great amount of unused reactive energy. This behaviour might thus inspire a novel use of such highly sensitive surfaces for chemical sensing.
PACS: 73.20.Mf – Collective excitations (including excitons, polarons, plasmons and other charge-density excitations) / 42.25.Fx – Diffraction and scattering / 78.67.-n – Optical properties of low-dimensional, mesoscopic, and nanoscale materials and structures
© EPLA, 2010