Dynamic properties of the one-dimensional Bose-Hubbard model
Institut für Physik, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt- Universität Greifswald - D-17489 Greifswald, Germany, EU
2 Department of Physics, Philipps- Universität Marburg - D-35032 Marburg, Germany, EU
Accepted: 17 January 2011
We use the density-matrix renormalization group method to investigate ground-state and dynamic properties of the one-dimensional Bose-Hubbard model, the effective model of ultracold bosonic atoms in an optical lattice. For fixed maximum site occupancy nb=5, we calculate the phase boundaries between the Mott insulator and the “superfluid” phase for the lowest two Mott lobes. We extract the Tomonaga-Luttinger parameter from the density-density correlation function and determine accurately the critical interaction strength for the Mott transition. For both phases, we study the momentum distribution function in the homogeneous system, and the particle distribution and quasi-momentum distribution functions in a parabolic trap. With our zero-temperature method we determine the photoemission spectra in the Mott insulator and in the “superfluid” phase of the one-dimensional Bose-Hubbard model. In the insulator, the Mott gap separates the quasi-particle and quasi-hole dispersions. In the “superfluid” phase the spectral weight is concentrated around zero momentum.
PACS: 03.75.Kk – Dynamic properties of condensates; collective and hydrodynamic excitations, superfluid flow / 71.10.Fd – Lattice fermion models (Hubbard model, etc.)
© EPLA, 2011