Non-equilibrium steady state of sparse systems
Department of Physics, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
Accepted: 16 February 2011
A resistor network picture of transitions is appropriate for the study of energy absorption by weakly chaotic or weakly interacting driven systems. Such “sparse” systems reach a novel non-equilibrium steady state (NESS) once coupled to a bath. In the stochastic case there is an analogy to the physics of percolating glassy systems, and an extension of the fluctuation-dissipation phenomenology is proposed. In the mesoscopic case the quantum NESS might differ enormously from the stochastic NESS, with saturation temperature determined by the sparsity. A toy model where the sparsity of the system is modeled using a log-normal random ensemble is analyzed.
PACS: 03.65.-w – Quantum mechanics / 05.45.Mt – Quantum chaos; semiclassical methods / 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics
© EPLA, 2011