Matter wave transport and Anderson localization in anisotropic three-dimensional disorder
Laboratoire Charles Fabry, Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Univ Paris Sud - 2 avenue Augustin Fresnel, F-91127 Palaiseau cedex, France, EU
Received: 5 March 2012
Accepted: 31 July 2012
We study quantum transport of matter waves in anisotropic three-dimensional disorder. First, we show that structured correlations can induce rich effects, such as anisotropic suppression of the white-noise limit and inversion of the transport anisotropy. Second, we show that the localization threshold (mobility edge) is strongly affected by a disorder-induced shift of the energy states, which we calculate. Our work is directly relevant to ultracold-matter waves in optical disorder, and implications on recent experiments are discussed. It also offers scope for further studies of anisotropy effects in other systems with controlled disorder, where counterparts of the discussed effects can be expected.
PACS: 03.75.-b – Matter waves / 05.60.Gg – Quantum transport / 67.85.-d – Ultracold gases, trapped gases
© EPLA, 2012