Volume 36, Number 7, December I 1996
|509 - 514
|Condensed matter: structure, thermal and mechanical properties
|01 September 2002
Possible control of natural channel initiation processes by a minimum energy dissipation rate principle
Department of Physics, University of Oslo -
P.O. Box 1048 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
Center for Advanced Study
at The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters,
P.O. Box 7606 Skillebekk,
0205 Oslo, Norway
Accepted: 15 October 1996
A minimum rate of energy dissipation model was used to study channel initiation processes. This model suggests that natural processes arrange channels heads in such a way that the total energy dissipation rate on hillslopes and in channel networks as well is minimized. The minimum energy dissipation rate model generates realistic drainage patterns and the drainage densities of the minimum energy dissipation rate basins are close to those observed in nature. This study shows that the spatial distribution of channel heads is not determined by a classical channel initiation functions alone, but may be determined by channel initiation functions in combination with a minimum energy dissipation rate requirement.
PACS: 64.60.Ht – Dynamic critical phenomena / 92.40.Fb – Rivers, runoff, and streamflow / 92.40.Cy – Modeling; general theory
© EDP Sciences, 1996
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