Volume 45, Number 4, February II 1999
|Page(s)||526 - 532|
|Section||Interdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology|
|Published online||01 September 2002|
Phase segregation in polymer thin films: Elucidations by X-ray and scanning force microscopy
Department of Physics, North Carolina State University
Raleigh, NC 27695-8202, USA
2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering North Carolina State University - Raleigh, NC 27695-8202, USA
3 Department of Materials Science and Engineering SUNY@Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY11794, USA
Accepted: 8 December 1998
We have used quantitative X-ray microscopy in combination with Scanning Force Microscopy to monitor the phase separation of spun cast thin films of polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) blends upon annealing. Both techniques complement and enhance each other in elucidating the complicated structures that develop as a function of annealing time. We have determined the composition of the mixed phases that result from solvent spin casting. We subsequently observe the sudden rearrangement into domains much smaller than those originally formed. Unique, intricate hydrodynamic mass flow patterns form during coarsening which are in qualitative agreement with recent simulations of phase segregation in two-dimensional viscous fluids. Complicated polymer-polymer interfaces persist even in the later stages that are explained in terms of the geometric constraints of a thin film and the dependance of polymer viscosity on film thickness.
PACS: 83.10.Nn – Polymer dynamics / 83.80.Es – Polymer blends / 61.10.Ht – X-ray absorption spectroscopy: EXAFS, NEXAFS, XANES, etc
© EDP Sciences, 1999
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