Volume 48, Number 5, December 1999
|Page(s)||475 - 481|
|Published online||01 September 2002|
Vortex structures in dilute quantum fluids
Department of Physics, University of Durham, Rochester Building, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, England, UK
2 Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Queen's University, Belfast, BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland, UK
Accepted: 30 September 1999
Vortex structures in dilute quantum fluids are studied using the time-independent Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The velocity and momentum of vortex rings with multiple circulation are determined and their core structures analysed. For flow around a spherical object, we study the encircling and pinned ring solutions, and determine their excitation energies as a function of velocity for both penetrable and impenetrable objects. The ring and laminar flow solutions converge at a critical velocity, which decreases with increasing object size. We also study the vortex solutions associated with flow past a surface bump which indicate that surface roughness also reduces the critical velocity. This effect may have important implications for the threshold of dissipation in superfluids and superconductors.
PACS: 03.75.Fi – Phase coherent atomic ensembles; quantum condensation phenomena / 47.37.+q – Hydrodynamic aspects of superfluidity / 67.40.Vs – Vortices and turbulence
© EDP Sciences, 1999
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