Volume 48, Number 5, December 1999
|Page(s)||526 - 532|
|Section||Electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics|
|Published online||01 September 2002|
Analytical calculation of the excess noise for different aperture shapes
Huygens Laboratorium, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden, Postbus 9504, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Accepted: 6 October 1999
We present an analytical calculation of the transverse excess noise factor which arises when a small aperture of arbitrary shape is placed at an out-coupling mirror of a laser resonator. We show that for small apertures the excess noise can be written in terms of the far-field diffraction pattern of the aperture. We expand the excess noise in the aperture area. The leading term depends on the area but not on the shape of the aperture, whereas the next term is solely determined by the shape. The list of shapes ordered in increasing value of the excess noise based on this analytical calculation agrees with that based on numerical and experimental data for unstable resonators with large apertures.
PACS: 42.25.Fx – Diffraction and scattering / 42.50.Lc – Quantum fluctuations, quantum noise, and quantum jumps / 42.60.Da – Resonators, cavities, amplifiers, arrays, and rings
© EDP Sciences, 1999
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