Volume 49, Number 2, January II 2000
|150 - 155
|01 September 2002
The transition temperature of the dilute interacting Bose gas for N internal states
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
1110 W. Green St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
2 CEA-Saclay, Service de Physique Théorique 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
3 Ecole Normale Supérieure - 24 rue Lhomond, 75006 Paris, France
Accepted: 5 November 1999
We calculate explicitly the variation of the Bose-Einstein condensation temperature induced by weak repulsive two-body interactions to leading order in the interaction strength. As shown earlier by general arguments, is linear in the dimensionless product to leading order, where n is the density and a the scattering length. This result is non-perturbative, and a direct perturbative calculation of the amplitude is impossible due to infrared divergences familiar from the study of the superfluid helium lambda transition. Therefore, we introduce here another standard expansion scheme, generalizing the initial model which depends on one complex field to one depending on N real fields, and calculating the temperature shift at leading order for large N. The result is explicit and finite. The reliability of the result depends on the relevance of the large-N expansion to the situation N=2, which can in principle be checked by systematic higher-order calculations. The large-N result agrees remarkably well with recent numerical simulations.
PACS: 03.75.Fi – Phase coherent atomic ensembles; quantum condensation phenomena / 05.30.Jp – Boson systems
© EDP Sciences, 2000
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