Volume 49, Number 2, January II 2000
|Page(s)||210 - 216|
|Section||Condensed matter: structure, mechanical and thermal properties|
|Published online||01 September 2002|
Confinement effects on the chain conformation in thin polymer films
Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung Ackermannweg 10,
D-55128 Mainz, Germany
2 Technische Universität München - James-Franck-Strasse D-85748 Garching, Germany
3 GKSS Forschungszentrum - Max-Planck-Strasse, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany
4 Institut für Polymerforschung - Hohe Strasse 6, D-01069 Dresden, Germany
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 16 November 1999
The chain conformation of thin polymer films was investigated via diffuse neutron scattering. The samples consist of blend films of protonated and deuterated polystyrene spin coated onto glass substrates. A variation of the thickness of the blend films in a range of about 41 down to 0.66 times the radius of gyration Rg of the chains in the bulk enables the determination of film thickness and confinement effects. With diffuse neutron scattering in a reflection geometry the chain conformation in thin polymer films with film thicknesses less than 20 nanometers could be investigated. With decreasing film thickness d below approximately 6 Rg the in-plane dimension of the chains starts to increase which is caused by distortion of the chain conformation along the direction parallel and perpendicular to the surface of the film. This increase is quite significant below and can be compared to theoretical predictions and simulations.
PACS: 68.55.Jk – Structure and morphology; thickness / 61.41.+e – Polymers, elastomers, and plastics / 61.12.Ex – Neutron scattering techniques (including small-angle scattering)
© EDP Sciences, 2000
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