Volume 50, Number 1, April I 2000
|Page(s)||41 - 47|
|Section||Condensed matter: structure, mechanical and thermal properties|
|Published online||01 September 2002|
Nonlinear elastic behaviour of crystals in the quantum paraelectric regime
Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Wien
Strudlhofgasse 4, A-1090 Wien, Austria
2 Institute of Physical Optics - Dragomanova 23, 290005, Lviv, Ukraine
3 Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambrige Downing Street, Cambrige CB2 3EQ, UK
4 School of Physics, University of New South Wales - Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
Accepted: 26 January 2000
The ultra-low-frequency (Hz region) elastic behaviour of has been examined over a wide temperature range including the cubic-tetragonal transition at and the quantum paraelectric region () using a three-point–bending method. A giant elastic softening has been found in the tetragonal phase. It is explained by a model, which takes into account the motion of ferroelastic domain walls in response to the applied dynamic stress. In the quantum paraelectric regime we have detected nonlinear elastic anomalies in the real and imaginary parts of the complex Young's modulus. Our data can be consistently described if we assume that ferroelectric order is induced by the applied strain gradient, which due to flexoelectric coupling is equivalent to a homogeneous electric field. Below 25 K the induced ordered polarization clusters are frozen on the experimental timescale (11 Hz).
PACS: 64.60.Cn – Order-disorder transformations; statistical mechanics of model systems / 62.20.Dc – Elasticity, elastic constants
© EDP Sciences, 2000
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