Volume 51, Number 6, September II 2000
|Page(s)||641 - 647|
|Section||Condensed matter: structure, mechanical and thermal properties|
|Published online||01 September 2002|
Breakdown of Pippard ineffectiveness condition for phonon-electron scattering in micro and nanostructures
Department of ECE, Wayne State University - Detroit, MI
Accepted: 20 July 2000
The Pippard ineffectiveness condition —that electrons strongly scattering from impurities and defects are ineffective in scattering phonons— is based on the assumption that electron scatterers vibrate in the same way as the host lattice. Then the relaxation rate of a low-energy phonon with the wave vector q is (u and vF are the sound velocity and Fermi velocity, l is the electron mean free path). Boundaries and defects moving differently from host lattice drastically change the character of the interference between scattering processes and increase the phonon-electron coupling. In the presence of the quasistatic potential the phonon relaxation is times faster: (L is the electron mean free path with respect to scattering from the quasistatic potential). Analogous effect is expected for phonons with ( is the Debye frequency) in conductors with substitutional disorder.-1
PACS: 63.20.Kr – Phonon-electron and phonon-phonon interactions / 72.10.-d – Theory of electronic transport, scattering mechanisms
© EDP Sciences, 2000
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