Volume 52, Number 3, November I 2000
|Page(s)||271 - 276|
|Section||Electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics|
|Published online||01 September 2002|
Hybrid model for combined particle and continuum dynamics
Department of Physics, University of Oslo - PB 1048
Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
2 Fracton as - Tåsenveien 74C, 0873 Oslo, Norway
3 School of Astronomy and Physics, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University - Ramat Aviv, 69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
Accepted: 12 September 2000
Differential equations for continuum fields describe many macroscopic phenomena. Hydrodynamics, for example, is described by the Navier-Stokes equations, and their solutions depend on boundary conditions. However, boundary conditions are set by the inter actions at the atomistic or molecular scale. We introduce a “hybrid model” that permits a continuum description in one region to be coupled to an atomistic description in another region. The coupling is symmetric in the sense that the fluxes of the conserved quantities are continuous across the particle-field interface. As an example, we couple a Lennard-Jones liquid and the compressible Navier-Stokes equations and show that the hybrid model is consistent with hydrodynamic predictions.
PACS: 47.11.+j – Computational methods in fluid dynamics / 83.20.Di – Microscopic (molecular) theories / 83.20.Lr – Boundary conditions
© EDP Sciences, 2000
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