Volume 54, Number 3, May 2001
|Page(s)||354 - 360|
|Section||Condensed matter: structure, mechanical and thermal properties|
|Published online||01 December 2003|
Coupling of localized guest vibrations with the lattice modes in clathrate hydrates
Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences, National Research
Council of Canada Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0R7
2 Inorganic Chemistry Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences - Novosibirsk, Russia
3 Argonne National Laboratory - Argonne, Illinois, IL 60439, USA
4 Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology National Research Council of Canada - Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0R7
5 Hahn-Meitner-Institut - Glienicker Straße 100, D-14 109 Berlin, Germany
Accepted: 28 February 2001
The thermal conductivity of a gas hydrate is much lower than that of ice and more intriguingly, in spite of the crystalline structure, the temperature profile resembles an amorphous solid. Here we present results from neutron incoherent inelastic scattering (IINS) experiments and theoretical relaxation time calculations to demonstrate unambiguously the coupling of guest and water framework vibrations. The coupling is the consequence of symmetry forbidden crossings of the localized guest motions with the acoustic branches of the lattice vibrations. This phonon interaction leads to an energy exchange mechanism that explains the anomalous thermal behaviour.
PACS: 63.20.-e – Phonons in crystal lattices / 63.20.Pw – Localized modes / 51.20.+d – Viscosity, diffusion, and thermal conductivity
© EDP Sciences, 2001
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