Volume 58, Number 6, June 2002
|Page(s)||885 - 891|
|Section||Condensed matter: structure, mechanical and thermal properties|
|Published online||01 June 2002|
-enhancement in superconducting granular platinum
Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bayreuth -
D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
2 Fakultät für Physik und Geowissenschaften, Universität Leipzig D-04103 Leipzig, Germany
3 Forschungszentrum Rossendorf (FZR) - D-01314 Dresden, Germany
4 Hahn-Meitner-Institut (HMI) Berlin - D-14109 Berlin, Germany
5 Technische Universität Dresden (IfWW) - D-01062 Dresden, Germany
Accepted: 20 March 2002
We have observed superconductivity in platinum powder compacts with grain sizes in the submicrometer range at transition temperatures and critical magnetic fields as high as 20 mK and 18 mT. These values are more than one order of magnitude larger compared to our previous results for samples with larger (micrometer) grain size. For a better understanding of the superconducting properties of the granular platinum samples, we have also investigated various properties in the normal state. The submicrometer samples exhibit strong lattice strain and significantly smaller Debye temperatures compared to bulk platinum. Moreover, the ferromagnetic spin fluctuations of the conduction electrons are partially quenched in these compacts. On the basis of these results, we discuss the origin of superconductivity in granular platinum.
PACS: 74.80.Bj – Granular, melt-textured, and amorphous superconductors; powders / 74.25.-q – General properties; correlations between physical properties in normal and superconducting states / 65.40.Ba – Heat capacity
© EDP Sciences, 2002
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