Volume 60, Number 5, December 2002
|Page(s)||677 - 683|
|Section||Electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics|
|Published online||01 November 2002|
Compaction dynamics of a granular medium under vertical tapping
GMCM, Bât. 11A, Campus de Beaulieu, Université de
Rennes I 35042 Rennes, France
Accepted: 19 September 2002
We report new experimental results on granular compaction under consecutive vertical taps. The evolution of the mean volume fraction and of the mean potential energy of a granular packing presents a slow densification until a final steady state, and is reminiscent of usual relaxation in glasses via a stretched exponential law. The intensity of the taps seems to rule the characteristic time of the relaxation according to an Arrhenius's type relation. Finally, the analysis of the vertical volume fraction profile reveals an almost homogeneous densification in the packing.
PACS: 45.70.-n – Granular systems / 45.70.Cc – Static sandpiles; granular compaction / 81.05.Rm – Porous materials; granular materials
© EDP Sciences, 2002
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